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dinosaurs or "dragons" and man

Additional Information

The word dinosaur was coined in 1841 by one Sir Richard Owen. Any stories of dinosaur-like creatures prior would have been referred to as "dragons." Even earlier dictionaries from the 1800s list dragons as rare but still living creatures. While this section is currently under construction, please enjoy these ancient accounts of dragons sighted by recent man.  Ranging from more ancient sightings and encounters, to more modern in nature.


  

Dinosaurs in History and the Ancient World

“In 1543, a kind of dragon appeared near Styria, within the confines of Germany, which had feet like lizards, and wings after the fashion of a bat, with an incurable bite… Charles Gould, [As citing the historian Gesner].

“The woods around Penllyne Castle, Glamorgan, had the reputation of being frequented by winged serpents, and these were the terror of old and young alike. An aged inhabitant of Penllyne, who died a few years ago, said that in his boyhood the winged serpents were described as very beautiful. They were coiled when in repose, and "looked as though they were covered with jewels of all sorts. Some of them had crests sparkling with all the colours of the rainbow." When disturbed, they glided swiftly, "sparkling all over," to their hiding places. When angry, they "flew over people's heads, with outspread wings bright and sometimes with eyes, too, like the feathers in a peacock's tail." He said it was "no old story," invented to "frighten children," but a real fact. His father and uncles had killed some of them, for they were "as bad as foxes for poultry." This old man attributed the extinction of winged serpents to the fact that they were "terrors in the farmyards and coverts." An old woman, whose parents in her early childhood took her to visit Penmark Place, Glamorgan, said she often heard the people talking about the ravages of the winged serpents in that neighbourhood.” 

Author Marie Trevelyan, Folk-Lore and Folk-Stories of Wales, Chapter 13, Pg 168,169 1909. 

Here are found snakes and huge serpents, ten paces in length and ten spans in girth [that is, 50 feet long and 100 inches in girth]. At the fore part, near the head, they have two short legs, each with three claws, as well as eyes larger than a loaf and very glaring. The jaws are wide enough to swallow a man, the teeth are large and sharp, and their whole appearance is so formidable that neither man, nor any kind of animal can approach them without terror. Others are of small size, being eight, six, or five paces long. 

The following method is used for capturing them. In the day-time, by reason of the great heat, they lurk in caverns, but at night, they come out to seek their food, and whatever beast they meet with and can lay hold of, they devour. After eating that drag themselves towards some lake, spring of water, or river, in order to drink. By their motion in this way along the shore, and their vast weight, they make a deep impression, as if a heavy beam had been drawn along the sands. Those whose employment it is to hunt them observe the track by which they are most frequently accustomed to go, and fix into the ground sever pieces of wood, armed with sharp iron spikes, which they cover with the sand in such a manner as not to be perceptible. When therefore the animals make their way towards the places they usually haunt, they are wounded by these instruments and speedily killed. 

The crows, as soon as they perceive them to be dead, set up their scream; and this serves as a signal to the hunters, who advance to the spot, and proceed to separate the skin from the flesh, taking care immediately to secure the gall, which is most highly valued in medicine. In cases of the bite of a mad dog, a pennyweight of it, dissolved in wine, is administered. It is also useful in accelerating delivery, when the labour pains of women have come on. A small quantity of it being applied to carbuncles, pustules, or other eruptions on the body, they are presently dispersed; and it is efficacious in many other complaints. 

The flesh also of the animal is sold at a dear rate, being thought to have a higher flavor than other kinds of meat, and by all persons it is esteemed a delicacy. “ The Travels of Marco Polo, Book 2, Chapter 49. 

“I happened to hear from soldiers that stand at the posts at the Hantaza station, forty miles from Mullin, that two years ago they often saw an enormous winged dragon creep out from one of the mountain caves. It terrified them, and would again conceal itself in the depths of the cave. They have not seen it since that time, but this proves that the tales of the Chinese and Japanese about the existence of dragons are not at all fantasies or fables, although the learned European naturalists, and ours along with them, deny the existence of these monsters. But after all, anything can be denied, simply because it does not measure up to our understanding.”

St. Barsanuphius, Russian Orthodox Saint. 

states that whilst he resided in Paris he saw five winged dragons in the William Museum; these were biped, and possessed of wings so slender that it was hardly possible that they could fly with them. Cardan doubted their having been fabricated, since they had been sent in vessels at different times, and yet all presented the same remarkable form. Bellonius states that he had seen whole carcases [sic] of winged dragons, carefully prepared, which he considered to be of the same kind as those which fly out of Arabia into Egypt; they were thick about the belly, had two feet, and two wings, whole like those of a bat, and a snake’s tail.” Cardan (De Natura Rerum, lib VII, cap. 29.)

“On a warm night in 1619, while contemplating the serenity of the heavens, I saw a shining dragon of great size in front of Mt. Pilatus, coming from the opposite side of the lake [or 'hollow'], a cave that is named Flue [Hogarth-near Lucerne] moving rapidly in an agitated way, seen flying across; It was of a large size, with a long tail, a long neck, a reptile's head, and ferocious gaping jaws. As it flew it was like iron struck in a forge when pressed together that scatters sparks. At first I thought it was a meteor from what I saw. But after I diligently observed it alone, I understood it was indeed a dragon from the motion of the limbs of the entire body.” Christopher Schorerum, [from the record of 17the century writer Athanasius Kircher.]

The book Zuozhuan tells the narrative of how the “ancients raised dragons and how the state used the services of two clans known as the Dragon Rearers and the Dragon Tamers.” (Sterckx, R., The Animal and the Daemon in Early China, 2012, p. 52.) 

“The whole of India is girt with dragons of enormous size; for not only the marshes are full of them, but the mountains as well, and there is not a single ridge without one. Now the marsh kind are sluggish in their habits and are thirty cubits long, and they have no crest standing up on their heads.” (Philostratus, Flavius, The Life of Apollonius of Tyanna, 170 AD.) 

Book Eight: Chap. XI: "Elephants breed in that part of Affricke which lyeth beyond the deserts....India bringeth fouth the biggest: as also the dragons that are continually at variance with them, and evermore fighting, and those of such greatnesse, that they can easily claspe and wind round about the Elephants, and withall tye them fast with a knot. In this conflict they die, both the one and the other:" "the Elephant hee falls downe dead as conquered, and with his heavie weight crusheth and squeaseth the dragon that his wound and wreathed about him."

Chapter XII: "...the dragons ware hereof, entangle and snarle his feet and legges first with their taile: the Elephants on the other side, undoe those knots wiht their trunke as with a hand....the principall thing the dragons make at is the eye...Now these dragons are so big withall, that they be able to receive all the Elephants bloud. Thus they are sucked drie, untill they fall down dead..."

Chapter XIII: "In Ethyopia there be as great dragons bred, as in India, namely twentie cubits long.(approx. 30 feet)

"Megasthenes writeth, that there be serpents among the Indians to that bignesse, that they are able to swallow stags or buls all whole....Attilius Regulaus, generall under the Romanes, during the warres against the Carthaginians, assailed a Serpent neere the river Bagrada, which caried in length 120 foot..." Pliny the Elder Natural History, Book 8. [Pliny also goes to mention crocodiles, and serpents in book 8 which rules out these animals as the dragons that he wrote of.]

“On 30 July 1915, our U28 torpedoed the British steamer Iberian, carrying a rich cargo in the North Atlantic. The Steamer sank quickly, the bow sticking almost vertically into the air. When it had been gone for about twenty-five seconds, there was a violent explosion. A little later, pieces of wreckage, and among them a gigantic sea animal, writhing and struggling wildly, was shot out of the water to a height of 60 to 100 feet. At the moment I had with me in the conning tower my officer of the watch, the chief engineer, the navigator, and the helmsman… We did not have the time to take a photograph, for the animal sank out of sight after ten or fifteen seconds. It was about 60 feet long, was like a crocodile in shape, and had four limbs with powerful webbed feet, and a long tail tapering to a point.” Report made by German U-boat captain Georg von Forstner. 

SEA DRAGON n. A marine monster caught in England in 1749, resembling, in some degree, an alligator, but having two large fins which served for swimming or flying. It had two legs terminating in hoofs, like those of an ass. Its body was covered with impenetrable scales and it had five rows of teeth. [Qn.] Gent. Mag. 

Definition in dictionary from 1766? P. 995.

or we trust the teaching of Moses, and, more exactly, the Holy Spirit, having spoken through [the prophet]. This [teaching] reads: And God brought them unto Adam to see what he would call them; and whatsoever [Adam] called every living creature, that was the name thereof (cf. Gen. 2:19). Hence, a dragon was one of the animals. I am not telling you, after all, that there are no dragons; dragons exist but they are serpents borne of other serpents. Being just born and young, they are small; but when they grow up and get mature, they become big and fat so that exceed the other serpents in length and size. It is said they grow up more than thirty cubits; as for their thickness, they get as thick as a big log. Dio the Roman (A.D. 155 – 236) who wrote the history of Roman empire and republic, reports the following: one day, when Regulus, a Roman consul, was fighting against Carthage, a dragon suddenly crept up and settled behind the wall of the Roman army. The Romans killed it by order of Regulus, excoriated it and sent the hide to the Roman senate. When the dragon’s hide, as Dio says, was measured up by order of the senate, it happened to be, amazing, one hundred and twenty feet long, and the thickness was fitting to the length.”

“There is one more kind of dragon; those have wide head, goldish eyes and horny protuberances on the back of the head. They also have a beard [protruding] out of the throat; this kind of dragons is called “agaphodemons” and it is said they have no faces. This dragon is a sort of beasts, like the rest of the animals, for it has a beard, like a goat, and horn at the back of its head. Its eyes are big and goldish. These dragons can be both big and small. All serpent kinds are poisonous, except dragons, for they do not emit poison.”

– St. John of Damascus, On Dragons 

(In those days it was common to take glowing, flying dragon activity as an omen of evil to come.) This year came dreadful fore-warnings over the land of the Northumbrians, terrifying the people most woefully: these were immense sheets of light rushing through the air, and whirlwinds, and fiery, dragons flying across the firmament.” Reliable witness reports of “flying dragons” (pterosaur-like creatures) in Europe are recorded around 1649. (Thorpe, B. Ed., The Anglo Saxon Chronicle, 1861, p.48.)

[In 1405] “Close to the town of Bures, near Sudbury, there has lately appeared, to the great hurt of the countryside, a dragon, vast in body, with a crested head, teeth like a saw, and a tail extending to an enormous length. Having slaughtered the shepherd of the flock, it devoured many sheep….In order to destroy him, all the country people around were summoned. But when the dragon saw that he was again to be assailed with arrows, he fled into a marsh or mere and there hid himself among the long reeds, and was no more seen.” Chronicles of Johannis de Trokelowe and Henrici de Blaneforde

“We have, in an ancient author, a very large and circumstantial account of the taking of a dragon on the frontiers of Ethiopia, which was one and twenty feet in length, and was carried to Ptolemy Philadelphus, who very bountifully rewarded such as ran the hazard of procuring him this beast.” (Harris, John, Collection of Voyages, vol. i, London, 1764, p. 474.) [John Harris edited the first encyclopedia]. 

It was one of this size that Alexander and his army saw in a cave. “Its terrible hissing made a strong impression on the Macedonians, who, with all their courage, could not help being frighted at so horrid a spectacle.” (Aelian, De Animal, lib. XV, cap. 21.) 

“There are also certain other creatures which, being as big as rams, have wings like dragons, with long tails, and long chaps, and divers rows of teeth, and feed upon raw flesh.  Their colour is blue and green, their skin painted like scales, and they have two feet but no more. The Pagan negroes used to worship them as gods, and to this day you may see divers of them that are kept for a marvel.  And because they are very rare, the chief lords there curiously preserve them, and suffer the people to worship them, which tendeth greatly to their profits by reason of the gifts and oblations which the people offer unto them.” (Pigafetta, Filippo, The Harleian Collections of Travels, vol. ii, 1745, p. 457.) [16th Century Italian explorer].

. “The dragon is nothing more than a serpent of enormous size; and they formerly distinguished three sorts of them in the Indies. Viz. such as were in the mountains, such as were bred in the caves or in the flat country, and such as were found in fens and marshes. The first is the largest of all, and are covered with scales as resplendent as polished gold.  These have a kind of beard hanging from their lower jaw, their eyebrows large, and very exactly arched; their aspect the most frightful that can be imagined, and their cry loud and shrill… their crests of a bright yellow, and a protuberance on their heads of the colour of a burning coal. Those of the flat country differ from the former in nothing but in having their scales of a silver colour, and in their frequenting rivers, to which the former never come. Those that live in marshes and fens are of a dark colour, approaching to a black, move slowly, have no crest, or any rising upon their heads.” (Gould, Charles, Mythical Monsters, W.H. Allen & Co., London, 1886, p. 140.)

“If on your travels you encounter the serpent with wings who circles and hurls himself at you, the flying snake, hide yourself because of its reputation. Lie down when the snake appears and guard yourself in alarm for that snake’s manner is to go away calm, considering it a victory… There are winged and flying serpents that can be found who are venomous, who snort, and are savage and kill with pain worse than fire…” (Bochart, Samuel, Hierozoicon: sive De animalibus S. Scripturae, Vol. 2, 1794.) [17thCentury Bible scholar]. 

An old Assiniboine story tells of a war party that “traveled a long distance to unfamiliar lands and [saw] some large lizards. The warriors held a council and discussed what they knew about those strange creatures. They decided that those big lizards were bad medicine and should be left alone. However, one warrior who wanted more war honors said that he was not afraid of those animals and would kill one. He took his lance [a very old weapon used before horses] and charged one of the large lizard type animals and tried to kill it. But he had trouble sticking his lance in the creature’s hide and during the battle he himself was killed and eaten.” (Mayor, Fossil Legends of the First Americans, 2005, p. 294.) 

23. And in that same place there was a great dragon, which they of Babylon worshipped. 24. And the king said unto Daniel, Wilt thou also say that this is of brass? Lo, he liveth, he eateth and drinketh; thou canst not say that he is no living god; therefore worship him. 25. Then said Daniel unto the king, I will worship the Lord my God: for he is the living God. 26. But give me leave, O king, and I shall slay this dragon without sword or staff, The king said, I give thee leave. 27. Then Daniel took pitch, and fat, and hair, and did seethe them together, and made lumps thereof: this he put in the dragon’s mouth, and so the dragon burst in sunder: and Daniel said, Lo these are the gods ye worship. 28. When they of Babylon heard that, they took great indignation, and conspired against the king saying, the king is become a jew, and he hath destroyed Bel, he hath slain the dragon, and put the priests to death. (Bel and the Dragon, Apocrypha, Daniel 13,14 Catholic Bible.)

Job 40:15-24 Behold now behemoth, which I made with thee; he eateth grass as an ox. {behemoth: probably an extinct animal of some kind} 16 Lo now, his strength is in his loins, and his force is in the navel of his belly. 17 He moveth his tail like a cedar: the sinews of his stones are wrapped together 18 His bones are as strong pieces of brass; his bones are like bars of iron. 19 He is the chief of the ways of God: he that made him can make his sword to approach unto him. 20 Surely the mountains bring him forth food, where all the beasts of the field play. 21 He lieth under the shady trees, in the covert of the reed, and fens. 22 The shady trees cover him with their shadow; the willows of the brook compass him about. 23 Behold, he drinketh up a river, and hasteth not: he trusteth that he can draw up Jordan into his mouth. {he drinketh up: Heb. he oppresseth} 24 He taketh it with his eyes: his nose pierceth through snares.

Job 41 Canst thou draw out leviathan with an hook? or his tongue with a cord which thou lettest down? {leviathan: probably an extinct animal of some kind} {which…: Heb. which thou drownest?} 2 Canst thou put an hook into his nose? or bore his jaw through with a thorn? 3 Will he make many supplications unto thee? will he speak soft words unto thee? 4 Will he make a covenant with thee? wilt thou take him for a servant for ever? 5 Wilt thou play with him as with a bird? or wilt thou bind him for thy maidens? 6 Shall the companions make a banquet of him? shall they part him among the merchants? 7 Canst thou fill his skin with barbed irons? or his head with fish spears? 8 Lay thine hand upon him, remember the battle, do no more. 9 Behold, the hope of him is in vain: shall not one be cast down even at the sight of him? 10 None is so fierce that dare stir him up: who then is able to stand before me? 

11 Who hath prevented me, that I should repay him? whatsoever is under the whole heaven is mine. 12 I will not conceal his parts, nor his power, nor his comely proportion. 13 Who can discover the face of his garment? or who can come to him with his double bridle? {with: or, within} 14 Who can open the doors of his face? his teeth are terrible round about. 15 His scales are his pride, shut up together as with a close seal. {scales: Heb. strong pieces of shields} 16 One is so near to another, that no air can come between them. 17 They are joined one to another, they stick together, that they cannot be sundered. 18 By his neesings a light doth shine, and his eyes are like the eyelids of the morning. 19 Out of his mouth go burning lamps, and sparks of fire leap out. 20 Out of his nostrils goeth smoke, as out of a seething pot or caldron. 21 His breath kindleth coals, and a flame goeth out of his mouth. 22 In his neck remaineth strength, and sorrow is turned into joy before him. {is turned into joy: Heb. rejoiceth} 23 The flakes of his flesh are joined together: they are firm in themselves; they cannot be moved. {flakes: Heb. fallings} 24 His heart is as firm as a stone; yea, as hard as a piece of the nether millstone. 25 When he raiseth up himself, the mighty are afraid: by reason of breakings they purify themselves. 26 The sword of him that layeth at him cannot hold: the spear, the dart, nor the habergeon. {habergeon: or, breastplate} 27 He esteemeth iron as straw, and brass as rotten wood. 28 The arrow cannot make him flee: slingstones are turned with him into stubble. 29 Darts are counted as stubble: he laugheth at the shaking of a spear. 30 Sharp stones are under him: he spreadeth sharp pointed things upon the mire. {Sharp stones: Heb. Sharp pieces of potsherd} 31 He maketh the deep to boil like a pot: he maketh the sea like a pot of ointment. 32 He maketh a path to shine after him; one would think the deep to be hoary. 33 Upon earth there is not his like, who is made without fear. {is made without fear: or, behave themselves without fear} 34 He beholdeth all high things: he is a king over all the children of pride.

resolver.jpg“The dragon was first seen on May 13, 1572, hissing like a snake. It had been hiding on the small estate of Master Petronius. At 5:00 PM, the dragon was caught on a public roadway by a herdsman named Baptista, near the hedge of a private farm, a mile from the remote city outskirts of Bologna. Baptista was following his ox cart home when he noticed the oxen suddenly come to a stop. He kicked them and shouted at them, but they refused to move and went down on their knees rather than move forward. At this point, the herdsman noticed a hissing sound and was startled to see this strange little dragon ahead of him.Trembling he struck it on the head with his rod and killed it. (Aldrovandus, Ulysses, The Natural History of Serpents and Dragons, 1640, p.402.)” Genesis Park, Dragons in History https://www.genesispark.com/exhibits/evidence/historical/dragons/

“The dragon is bigger than all other snakes or all other living things on earth. For this reason, the Greeks call it dracon, from this is derived its Latin name draco. The dragon, it is said, is often drawn forth from caves into the open air, causing the air to become turbulent. The dragon has a crest, a small mouth, and narrow blow-holes through which it breathes and puts forth its tongue. Its strength lies not in its teeth but in its tail, and it kills with a blow rather than a bite. It is free from poison. They say that it does not need poison to kill things, because it kills anything around which it wraps its tail. From the dragon not even the elephant, with its huge size, is safe. For lurking on paths along which elephants are accustomed to pass, the dragon knots its tail around their legs and kills them by suffocation. Dragons are born in Ethiopia and India, where it is hot all year round.” Flavious Philostratus, the third century historian provided this sober account: “The whole of India is girt with dragons of enormous size; for not only the marshes are full of them, but the mountains as well, and there is not a single ridge without one. Now the marsh kind are sluggish in their habits and are thirty cubits long, and they have no crest standing up on their heads.” (Philostratus, Flavius, The Life of Apollonius of Tyanna, 170 AD.) 

dragonbook1.jpg“True and Wonderfull. A Difcourfe relating a ftrange and monftrous Serpent (or Dragon) lately difcouered, and yet liuing, to the great annoyance and diuers flaughters both of Men and Cattell, by his ftrong and violent poyfon, In Suffex two miles from Horfam, in a woode called St. Leonards Forreft, and thirtie miles from London, this prefent month of Auguft. 1614. With the true Generation of Serpents. Printed at London by Iohn Trundle.

…In Phrigia and Ethiopia are many Dragons, and Serpents, and there were as Auguftine affirmeth in the hollow places of the earth: and not onely in foraine and farre remote countries: but alfo in neighboring and nere adisyning nations: and firit of all there was a Serpent or winged Dragon brought unto Francis the French King: when he lay at the Sancton, by a sountry man: who had Qaine the fame Serpent with a fpade: Chifuen alfo faith that in the yeare of our Lord, 1543, there came many Serpents with feete, and winges, neare Stiria: who wounded the inhabitants ineurably. Cardan writeth that at Paris in France hee himfelfe faw certaine Serpents with winges: when the riuer Tibernuer flowed the banckes many Serpents were bifrouered.

…there is difcouer’d in our neighbour Countie of Suffes, a ftrange and monftrous Serpent (a thing moft noyfome and dreadfull to the Inhabitants…It is likewife difcouered to haue large feete, but the eye may be there deceaued, for fome fuppofe that Serpents have no feete, but glide uppon certaine ribbes and fcales which both defend him from the upper part of his throat unto the lower part of his bellie, and alfo caufe them to moue much more the fafter, for fo doth this by firft drawing together then floating forth, ridsway (as we call it) as faft as a man can run. It is of countenance very proud and at the fight or hearing of men or Cattell, will raife his necke upright, and feeme to liften and looke about with great arrogancey: There are likewife on either fide of it difcouer’d two great bunches fo big as a large foote ball, and (as some thinke) will in time grow to wings, but God (I hope) in their and our affiftance will go infruct and defend us that hee fhall bee deftroy’d before hee growe fo fledge.

He will caft his venome about foure rodde from him, as by woefull erperience it was proued on the bodie of a man and a woman comming that way, who afterward was found dead, being poyfon’d and very much fweld, but not prayd upon. Likewife a man going to chafe it, and as he imagin’d to deftroy it with two Daftiue Dogs, (as yet not knowing the great danger of it) his Dogs were both kild, and he himfelfe glad to returne with hact to preferue his owne life. Yet this is to be noted, that neither the man or the Dogs were prayd upon, but flaine and left whole, for his food is thought moft part of it to be in a Coniewarren, which hee much frequents, and it is found much feanted impaired in the encreafe it had went to affwrd: and now fpeaking of a place it will be neceffarie for me to fhew where that place is, leaft my truth be repulft and not receiued for her felfe.

\…And now fpeaking of couetoafnes, ertortions, crueltie and the like, what… may this prodifious Serpent be applyed more aptlie to them, that poylonous benouring Serpentine fon of couetoufnes: Let thefe Cormorants, but looke upon this Dragon, and they fhall as apparantly behold theinfelues in it as in thofe times aforefaid the woman did in the Perewig. Serpents, they enclofe grounds where the true owner, dare not fet foote in, on paine of their remaining effates: fo doth this Serpent, for none dare approach his abidings, (though none of his owne) but … the danger of their lines, hee poyfons foure rod from him, and there the Mifer exceedes the Serpent, for hee poyfons many aeres diftant: The Serpent deuours poore mens cattell, fo doth the coustous wretch, both cattell, and chattell, goods, houfes and all, his fcales of defence are faid to be blacke and reddifh, and doth it not refemble the Inke Ware, wherin gentlemens lands are moregagdem which afterwards turnes affentiue to themfelues: his necke is long to ouerlooks much, and coth not the Mifer fo: Iis faid likewife, to prey upon Corries, and doe wee not in this age of ours call thofe fillie men that fall into their inares, Connies? and the poore Pafriffes that were poyfond, may they not bee property figur’d by poore mens curffes bark’t ont and fent against them by alas, they mooue them not, but are beaten downe and polyon’d. FINIS.” The Dragon Book, 1614

A winged monster, resembling a huge alligator with an extremely elongated tail and an immense pair of wings, was found on the desert between the Whetstone and Huachuca mountains last Sunday by two ranchers who were returning home from the Huachucas. The creature was evidently greatly exhausted by a long flight and when discovered was able to fly but a short distance at a time. After the first shock of wild amazement had passed the two men, who were on horseback and armed with Winchester rifles, regained sufficient courage to pursue the monster and after an exciting chase of several miles succeeded in getting near enough to open fire with their rifles and wounding it.

The creature then turned on the men, but owing to its exhausted condition they were able to keep out of its way and after a few well directed shots the monster partly rolled over and remained motionless. The men cautiously approached, their horses snorting with terror, and found that the creature was dead. 

They then proceeded to make an ecamination and found that it measured about ninety-two feet in length and the greatest diameter was about fifty inches. The monster had only two feet, these being situated a short distance in front of where the wings were joined to the body. The head, as near as they could judge, was about eight feet long, the jaws being thickly set with strong, sharp teeth. Its eyes were as large as a dinner plate and protruded about halfway from the head. They had some difficulty in measuring the wings as they were partly folded under the body, but finally got one straightened out sufficiently to get a measurement of seventy-eight feet, making the total length from tip to tip about 160 feet. The wings were composed of a thick and nearly transparent membrane and were devoid of feathers or hair, as was the entire body. The skin of the body was comparatively smooth and easily penetrated by a bullet. The men cut off a small portion of the tip of one wing and took it home with them. Late last night one of them arrived in this city for supplies and to make the necessary preparations to skin the creature, when the hide will be sent east for examination by the eminent scientists of the day. The finder returned early this morning accompanied by several prominent men who will endeavor to bring the strange creature to this city before it is mutilated. The Tombstone Epitaph , April 26, 1890. 


"My examination of the monster was quite thorough... it had no teeth. Its head is large and its neck fully 20 feet long. The body is weak and the tail is only three feet in length from the end of the backbone... with a bill like it possesses it must have lived on herbage and undoubtedly inhabited a swamp. I would call it a type of plesiosaurus. Another witness Judge W.R. Springer of Santa Cruz felt the creature was from a prehistoric age. He added his observation:  "evidence of two short feet or flippers and probably swam with its head high above the water." E.L. Wallace, president of the Natural History Society of British Columbia - Skin Diver Nov. 89.


"One such report described the creature as surfacing near a fishing boat and staring at the crew with "large baleful eyes from a rounded head that topped a long slender neck that stuck out of the water a distance of eight or more feet." California's Nessie Skin Diver Magazine Nov 1989


"In March 1969, fishermen on City Island Bridge in the Bronx, NY, nearly dropped their casting rods when they spotted a creature much bigger than a whale swimming upriver... by one of the world's largest cities... afterwards the creature was .... chased unsuccessfully by harbor police." Mysterious America- Loren Coleman p. 78